The board of trustees is the sole statutory legislative governing body responsible for the control and operation of East Central College. The board includes six members, two from each sub-district.
Board members must be citizens of the United States, at least 21 years of age, a voter of the college district for at least one full year preceding the date of their election to the board, and a current resident of the sub-district which he or she represents. Though trustees file for office by sub-district they are elected by the voters of the district at large.
Sub-district one includes the school districts of Crawford County R-1 (Bourbon), Sullivan C-2, Strain-Japan R-16, Spring Bluff R-15, Franklin County R-2, New Haven, the portions of Lyon and Boone Townships as well as the Beaufort-Union precinct in the Union R-11 School District. Also included in sub-district one are the portions of the Boeuf and Lyon Townships in the Washington School District.
Sub-district two includes the school districts of Lonedell R-14, St. Clair R-13, and Union R-11 excluding the Lyon and Boone Township portion of Union R-11 and that portion located in the Beaufort-Union precinct.
Sub-district three includes all of the Washington School district, excluding that portion located in Boeuf and Lyon Townships.
Neither state statutes nor district policy limits the number of terms a member may serve.
Monthly meetings of the ECC board are normally held on the first Monday of the month. Meetings are not held in January or September.