East Central offers courses in both microeconomics and macroeconomics. Macroeconomics discusses topics such as inflation, unemployment, government spending, and fiscal policy as well as incomes policy, the banking system and monetary policy, and international economies.

Microeconomics is an introduction to how prices are determined. Students discuss how prices are set in markets of varying degrees of competition; how income is determined; wages and salaries; rent, interest, and profits; unions; environmental problems; wealth and poverty in the United States of America and non-market economic systems.

These courses fulfill general education requirements for many degrees at ECC, as well as for most four-year institutions.